Mastectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or both breasts. The decision to undergo a mastectomy is a personal one, and it is often made in response to a breast cancer diagnosis. In this blog post, we will discuss exactly what mastectomy is, the different types of mastectomy, and what to expect during and after the procedure.
Types of Mastectomy
There are several types of mastectomy, each with their own benefits and risks. The most common types of mastectomy include:
A total mastectomy involves the removal of the entire breast, including the nipple and areola. This procedure is often recommended for women with early-stage breast cancer or those who are at high risk of developing breast cancer.
Modified Radical Mastectomy
A modified radical mastectomy involves the removal of the entire breast, along with some of the lymph nodes under the arm. This procedure is often recommended for women with breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes.
A double mastectomy involves the removal of both breasts. This procedure is often recommended for women with a high risk of developing breast cancer in both breasts.
What to Expect During and After Mastectomy
A mastectomy is typically performed under general anesthesia and takes several hours to complete. After the procedure, you will likely experience pain, swelling, and bruising in the chest area. You may also have drainage tubes inserted to help remove excess fluid from the surgical site.
Recovery time varies depending on the type of mastectomy you undergo, but most women are able to return to normal activities within six to eight weeks. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and attend all follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and recovery.
Mastectomy is a complex procedure that can have both physical and emotional impacts. It is important to thoroughly discuss your options with your doctor and make a decision that is right for you. Remember to take care of yourself and seek support from loved ones and healthcare professionals throughout the process.