Originally published as The Wrath of a Trapped Animal-Captive Persian Leopard Murder Leopard, a mysterious and elegant predator in nature, wears a beautiful "battle robe" of money spots that makes countless people fall for it, and is a natural master who quietly approaches and gives a fatal blow to its prey. The leopard is "a solitary hunter, wandering in the shadows, where agility and intelligence are the keys to survival" (National Geographic). In the leopard cat family, the size and physique of the leopard are far from comparable to those of the two huge and powerful lions and tigers, and its strength is not comparable to that of the powerful Jaguar, but the leopard wins because of its strong adaptability, and its distribution range is much wider than that of the three larger and stronger feline beasts. Although leopards in nature have never set foot in the New World, they can be seen everywhere in the vast land of the Old World. Manchuria and the Far East and North Asia east and north of the Korean Peninsula, most of China, the Indochina Peninsula and the dense forests and islands of the South Asian subcontinent, West Asia, the Middle East, Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula, as well as parts of North Africa and the African continent south of the Sahara Desert are all leopard territories. In history, the footprints of leopards have spread all over the Asian and African continents, but now they have shrunk dramatically. The wild leopards can be divided into eight subspecies by DNA testing, namely, African leopard, Arabian leopard, Persian leopard, foreign leopard and Sri Lanka leopard. Because of the large number and wide distribution of wild leopards, there are great differences in body size, weight and length among different subspecies of leopards. Generally speaking, the weight of wild leopards ranges from 17 to 90 kilograms, of which the largest is the Persian leopard. Giant leopard The Persian leopard, also known as the Anatolian leopard, the Asia Minor leopard or the Caucasian leopard, has a total population of no more than 1,300 in the wild, according to researchers. The Persian leopard is mainly distributed in West Asia and the Middle East in the north of Pakistan and the southwest of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. It mainly lives in Iran and Afghanistan, with a small amount in Turkmenistan and sporadic distribution in Turkey, abroad, Azerbaijan, Armenia and other Caucasus countries. Expand the full text Persian leopards are larger and duller in color. The fur color of Persian leopard is dull, slightly gray or grayish red, and there are a few individuals whose fur color is slightly pale. The body length and weight of the Persian leopard are obviously larger than those of other subspecies. The average weight of adult males is 65.8 kg, and the weight of large males is 91 kg (n = 21); the average weight of adult females is 44.8 kg, and the weight of large females is 60 kg (n = 6). Similar to other subspecies of leopards, Persian leopards have a wide range of hunting. In addition to their natural prey such as porcupines, red deer, gazelles, wild boars, wild goats and wild donkeys, Persian leopards also attack domestic dogs and even large domestic horses and camels. The body weight and body size of the Persian leopard are measured as adult at the top and sub-adult at the bottom. Generally speaking, the weight of prey killed by leopards ranges from 10 to 40 kilograms, while the average weight of prey killed by Persian leopards is relatively larger because of their larger size and weight, especially the Persian leopard population living in northern Iran tends to choose larger prey. Wild boar, argali (adult males weigh about 55 kg), wild goats (up to 120 kg) and wild donkeys (more than 150 kg), which are common in its territory, are large and popular prey for Persian leopards. Wild beasts attack people Leopards have a more sinister temperament and are often accompanied by "kill" behavior, that is, killing more prey than they need. In addition, the leopard is also a ferocious beast with a reputation for cannibalism. Especially in foreign countries and Africa, because of the existence of lions, tigers, hyenas and jackals, leopards facing great competitive pressure sometimes have to sneak into human communities to find easier prey, which leads to the tragedy of human-leopard conflict. Some killer leopards may not eat people but just want to catch protected and domestic animals. Leopards who sneak into villages and are found are often in a state of high alert. It is not a wise choice to have a direct conflict with highly nervous beasts. "It's better to make way for it to escape, or if the beast goes mad, it will certainly hurt people.". Leopards that infiltrate human settlements are highly vulnerable to attacks in a state of high tension. Although the number of wild Persian leopards is small, there are also records of injuries. In 2013, bespoken tape measure , a herder living in Turkey's Diyarbakir province was attacked by a Persian leopard. He was knocked down by the leopard without noticing, and the two sides fell from a height of about 1.5 meters and rolled about 10 meters on the ground, after which the leopard was shot by relatives of herdsmen. Although the herdsman's arm was injured, his life was safe. Although this was the first appearance of the Persian leopard in Diyarbakir province, and scholars do not know how it came to be here, its first and only appearance left a bad impression on the local residents. Wild Persian leopard shot for attacking a herdsman. The consequences of the attack at a zoo in the Czech Republic are even more terrible. A 26-year-old man was attacked by a male Persian leopard and died on the way to hospital. The man, an employee who takes care of the zoo's big cats, entered the leopard's cage without checking whether the leopard had been locked up before it was time to feed the animals. When the leopard found the man invading its territory, it immediately launched an attack and took the man's neck, which led to the tragedy. The male leopard that caused the accident weighed 72 kilograms, with a shoulder height of 75 centimeters and a body length of 174 centimeters. According to the veterinarian's measurement, the distance between the upper canine teeth is 6.8 cm, and the distance between the lower canine teeth is 5.5 cm. Both upper canines are 4.5 cm in length and 0.94 cm in diameter; the right lower canine is 4.2 cm long and the left lower canine is 4 cm long and 0.58 cm in diameter. Although the leopard is only a little brother in front of such a giant as the lion and tiger, the leopard is smart and strong, and its neck, shoulders and limbs are especially muscular. Therefore, with its vigorous skills and good hardware, the leopard can not only kill prey that weighs much more than itself, but also carry heavy animal corpses to trees. Under the attack of such a powerful beast, the defenseless keeper has no ability to resist at all. Tough natural master Autopsy Detailed autopsy results showed multiple scratches on the victim's left shoulder and back, suggesting that the leopard probably jumped up from behind and threw the victim to the ground and bit him on the left side of his neck. On the back of the neck of the deceased, there were four large puncture wounds arranged in parallel pairs, which were obviously caused by the tusks of the leopard, which penetrated into the soft tissue of the neck to a depth of 3 cm, with a maximum diameter of 2 cm. There were also four puncture wounds 3 cm deep and 1.8 cm in diameter under the left ear about 7 cm from the puncture in the back of the neck, indicating that the leopard bit the neck of the deceased twice. A puncture wound to the back of the victim's neck The canine teeth of the Persian leopard are long and strong, and are its most important weapon for killing prey. When the leopard's four canine teeth penetrate the prey's body and come into contact with bone tissue, sensors in the canine teeth and mouth will transmit signals to the leopard's brain, and the leopard will adjust the angle and force of attack accordingly. The purpose of the leopard's attack on the neck is to severely damage the jugular vein and carotid artery, causing massive blood loss. Crushing the cervical vertebrae and destroying the spinal cord is also its purpose, and in extreme cases, the canine teeth of a leopard can even pierce the skull of its prey and stab the brain. In this case, the leopard's fierce bite on the neck of the deceased directly destroyed many blood vessels and cervical vertebrae on the left side of his neck. The huge, thick skull of the Persian leopard, with its long canine teeth, is the main weapon. The left neck of the deceased was the main target of the leopard's attack. In addition to the bite, there were two parallel lacerations on the left front side of the neck, 7 cm and 3.5 cm long respectively, with the deepest laceration reaching 2.5 cm. When the medical examiner of the autopsy examined the larger wound with his fingers, he could feel the edge of the skull of the deceased. The mandibular laceration was 4 cm long and 2.5 cm deep. In addition, a large number of scratches on the face, left shoulder, left body and back of the deceased were probably caused by the leopard when it controlled and dragged his body. The soft tissue on the right side of the forehead of the deceased had a large amount of internal bleeding, the left mandible fell off and was accompanied by multiple fractures, and many important blood vessels in the neck were severely damaged, some of which were even cut off directly. The left jugular vein near the lower edge of the mandible was torn open, and two important branches of the carotid artery and a large number of small blood vessels were completely severed. The soft tissue around the left nerve and blood vessel was severely injured with blood loss, prevertebral muscle hemorrhage, the fourth cervical vertebra was severely fractured, and the spinal cord was torn with multiple hemorrhages. The wound in the mandible is deep to the skull. After careful autopsy, the forensic doctor believed that the fatal wound was caused by the leopard's bite on the victim's neck. The injury to the jugular vein and the rupture of the main branch of the carotid artery caused very serious and massive blood loss, which was further aggravated by the damage to the cervical spine and spinal cord. After such severe trauma, the injured person died on the way to the hospital. Conclusion Leopards are extremely dangerous animals, whether in their natural environment or in captivity. Leopards are not only alert by nature, but also unpredictable by temperament. Some trainers who have long worked with wild animals even consider leopards to be "the most dangerous, stubborn and unpredictable big cats". Leopards in nature are truly primate masters, even if they are as powerful as silverbacks, they will become the target of leopard attacks. In May 1988, in the dense forests of the Congo Basin, the research team witnessed a leopard attack on wild gorillas. The forest was filled with the "smell of fear", with signs of fighting and the roar of gorillas, at least one fully adult silverback and one sub-adult blackback. At the scene of the fight, there were branches with peeling bark and blood, indicating that the gorilla may have injured the attacking leopard with the branches. The furious leopard chased the two gorillas, who knocked a 2-meter-long, 40-centimeter-diameter fallen wood 60 centimeters away on their way to escape. Traces left behind showed that the two gorillas ran at least 4.5 kilometers to escape the leopard's pursuit and remained alert all night. Baboon killed by leopard Many beasts have either gorgeous fur or simple and pleasant appearance, but it should be remembered at all times that they are territorial, efficient and terrible killing machines in nature. Whether tourists or staff who take care of wild animals, they should always be vigilant and maintain a sense of awe when they come into contact with them. A moment of negligence is likely to lead to lifelong regret. May the tragedy never happen again. This article is an original article first published in today's headlines. Please indicate the source for reprinting. Welcome to like and forward! Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor: (function() { function getBrandHtml() { var brands = [], html = ''; for(var i = 0; i < brands.length; i++) { var brand = brands[i]; if(brands.length i+1) { html+= ''+brand.name+''; } else { html+= ''+brand.name+'、'; } } return html; }; if(document.getElementById('linkBtn')){ document.getElementById('linkBtn').onclick = function() { $('#brands').removeClass('brand');$ ( '# tipInfo').text ( 'Real name responded'); $ ('#linkBtn').remove();$ ('.real-response .content').css('line-height', '20px');$ ('.real-response .time').css('line-height', '20px'); }; document.getElementById('brands').innerHTML = getBrandHtml(); }; })();。 tape-measure.com