The Maldives is an archipelago located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Sri Lanka and India. It consists of 26 atolls, which are made up of over 1,000 coral islands. The Maldives is known for its stunning white-sand beaches, crystal-clear turquoise waters, and vibrant coral reefs, making it a popular destination for honeymooners, scuba divers, and luxury travellers.


Male, the capital city, is one of the most densely populated cities in the world and serves as the administrative and economic centre of the Maldives. Despite its small size, the Maldives boasts a rich culture influenced by its history as a trading hub along the maritime Silk Route. The Maldivian people are predominantly Muslim, and Islam plays a significant role in daily life and culture.


Tourism is the primary industry in the Maldives, with the best luxury resorts in the Maldives and hotels scattered across various islands, many of which offer overwater bungalows, underwater villas in Maldives and world-class amenities. These luxury resorts in the Maldives offers some great deals for guests too, such as repeater rewards, all-inclusive holidays in Maldives and special festive deals. Activities such as snorkelling, diving, water sports, and relaxation on pristine beaches are popular among visitors.


However, the Maldives also faces challenges such as climate change, as rising sea levels threaten the existence of the low-lying islands. Environmental conservation efforts are underway to protect the fragile marine ecosystems and mitigate the impact of climate change on the Maldives' natural beauty and biodiversity.


Ten interesting historical facts about the Maldives

Here are ten interesting historical facts about the Maldives:

  1. Early Settlement and Influences: The Maldives has a history of human habitation dating back over 2,500 years. Early settlers are believed to have come from the Indian subcontinent and other surrounding regions. Throughout its history, the Maldives has been influenced by various cultures, including Indian, Arab, and East African.
  2. Buddhist Period: Before the conversion to Islam in the 12th century, the Maldives was a Buddhist kingdom. Evidence of this can be seen in archaeological sites such as the Buddhist stupas (structures housing relics) found on islands like Kuruhinna and Gan.
  3. Islamic Conversion: Islam was introduced to the Maldives in the 12th century by Arab traders, and the country gradually converted to Islam over the following centuries. Today, Islam plays a central role in Maldivian society, culture, and governance.
  4. Sultanate Rule: From the 12th century onwards, the Maldives was ruled by sultans, who governed the islands with varying degrees of autonomy. The sultanate was a hereditary monarchy, and the sultans wielded both political and religious authority.
  5. Colonial Era: The Maldives came under colonial rule during the European colonial period. In the 16th century, the Portuguese occupied the islands briefly before being ousted by the Maldivian sultanate with the help of the Ottomans. Later, the Maldives became a British protectorate in the 19th century and remained so until gaining independence in 1965.
  6. British Influence: During British rule, the Maldives experienced significant changes, including the abolition of the sultanate's absolute power and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1932. The British also introduced modern infrastructure and institutions to the islands.
  7. Republic of Maldives: The Maldives became a republic in 1968, following a national referendum. Ibrahim Nasir, who had previously served as prime minister under the sultanate, became the first president of the republic.
  8. Tourism Boom: The modern tourism industry in the Maldives began in the 1970s, with the opening of the first resort on the island of Kurumba. Since then, tourism has become the mainstay of the Maldivian economy, contributing significantly to the country's GDP and providing employment opportunities for many Maldivians.
  9. Environmental Challenges: The Maldives faces significant environmental challenges, including rising sea levels, coral reef degradation, and threats to marine biodiversity. Climate change poses an existential threat to the low-lying islands of the Maldives, leading the government to advocate for global action on climate change and invest in sustainable development initiatives.
  10. Cultural Heritage: Despite its small size, the Maldives boasts a rich cultural heritage, including traditional music, dance, and craftsmanship. The Maldivian people have a unique identity shaped by centuries of interaction with diverse cultures and environments.


These historical facts provide a glimpse into the diverse and vibrant history of the Maldives, from its early settlement to its modern-day challenges and achievements.


What is the future likely going to be for the Maldives islands?

The future of the Maldives islands will likely be influenced by various factors, including climate change, economic development, environmental conservation efforts, and geopolitical dynamics. Here are some potential trajectories for the Maldives' future:

  • Climate Change Adaptation: Given the Maldives' vulnerability to climate change, adaptation measures will be crucial for the islands' survival. This may involve implementing infrastructure projects such as sea walls and artificial reefs to mitigate the impact of rising sea levels and more frequent extreme weather events.
  • Sustainable Tourism: The Maldives will likely continue to rely on tourism as a key driver of economic growth. However, there will be a growing emphasis on sustainable tourism practices to protect the fragile marine ecosystems and minimise carbon emissions. This could involve initiatives such as promoting eco-friendly resorts, marine conservation efforts, and responsible waste management.
  • Diversification of Economy: To reduce reliance on tourism and build a more resilient economy, the Maldives may seek to diversify its economic sectors. This could involve developing industries such as fisheries, agriculture, renewable energy, and technology.
  • Environmental Conservation: Conservation efforts will play a crucial role in preserving the Maldives' natural beauty and biodiversity. This may include expanding marine protected areas, enforcing regulations to prevent overfishing and habitat destruction, and promoting sustainable fishing practices.
  • International Cooperation: The Maldives will likely continue to engage with the international community to address common challenges such as climate change, sustainable development, and maritime security. This could involve partnerships with regional organisations, neighbouring countries, and global initiatives such as the Paris Agreement.
  • Political Stability: Maintaining political stability will be essential for the Maldives to pursue its development goals effectively. This may involve efforts to strengthen democratic institutions, promote good governance, and address socio-economic inequalities.
  • Cultural Preservation: Preserving and promoting Maldivian culture and heritage will remain important for maintaining the islands' unique identity in the face of globalisation and modernisation. This could involve initiatives to safeguard traditional arts, crafts, language, and customs.


The future of the Maldives islands will depend on how effectively the country addresses the challenges it faces while capitalising on its natural and cultural assets. By prioritising sustainability, resilience, and inclusive development, the Maldives can strive towards a future that ensures the well-being of its people and the protection of its precious environment.